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Cultutre of Baghmara

A culture is a way of life of a group of people. The beliefs, behavior, values, traditions, food and symbols that they accept, generally without thinking about them, and that are passed along by communication and imitation from one generation to the next.

Baghmara is located in the South Garo Hills and the people of Baghmara are mainly the Garos. The Garos are industrious people, and both men and women participate in the normal duties in the fields as well as in their home. Some tasks, naturally, belong to the males, like house building , jungle-clearing, cleaning and all other work demanding greater physical labor, although basketry is also largely man's work. Ginning of cotton , planting of most crops as well as cooking, weaving and making of rice-beer, are generally done by women.

Bamboo Grain CleanerThe Garo household utensils are simple and limited. They mainly consists of large earthen vessels, cooking pots for brewing liquor, and the mortal with which paddy is husked. Bamboo baskets of different shapes and sizes are also used.

According to legends, the Garos originally occupied a province of Tibet named Torua and left Tibet for some reason in the distant past under the leadership of the legendary Sukpa-Bongepa and Jappa-Jalimpa. They wandered in the Brahmaputra valley at a site which is the Jogighopa of present day Assam. However, their search for a permanent abode did not end. They struggled and survived the ordeals of war. Garos were then divided into a number of sub tribes. However, the main characteristics of their traditional social institutions, political setup, marriage systems, religion and beliefs, inheritance of properties are common.

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